Avoid toxic or harmful substances
The term “hazardous chemicals” refers to various substances or mixtures that may pose harm to human health and to the environment. Some of the substances falling under this category are used in the paint manufacturing process.
The traditional paint ingredients, which are toxic or harmful, are currently addressed by the EU ECHA legislation, GPP and the ecolabel criteria.
How do the ecolabels in Europe and the practice of Green Public Procurement (GPP) limit the use of hazardous chemicals in paint and coating products?
This analysis is designed to provide a simple overview of the ecolabels in Europe and Green Public Procurement (GPP) requirements towards the use of hazardous chemicals. Producers of paint and coating products can choose to apply for the ecolabels in Europe in order to use it for a specific product group or qualify for the participation in the GPP, when certain requirements are met. The most important groups of identified chemicals of concern and their permitted levels are briefly described in the table below. It should be noted that the GPP criteria are indicative. The EU member states have the rights to apply and adjust them individually.
|EU Green public procurement criteria (2018)1||EU EcoLabel (2018)2||Nordic Swan (2021)3||Blue Angel (2019)4|
|Isothiazolinone compounds (indoor)||500 ppm||
BIT ≤ 500 ppm, MIT < 15 ppm, OIT < 15 ppm, CIT/MIT (3:1) < 15 ppm
|600 ppm||BIT ≤ 10 ppm, MIT < 1.5 ppm, CIT < 0.5 ppm, All other isothiazolinones < 2 ppm|
|Isothiazolinone compounds (outdoor)||500 ppm||
|1500 ppm||BIT < 400 ppm, CIT and Combination CIT/ MIT (3:1) Total < 15 ppm|
|Volatile organic solvents (VOCs) (matt)||100 000 ppm||10 000 ppm||10 000 ppm||700 ppm|
|Volatile organic solvents (VOCs) (glossy)||100 000 ppm||40 000 ppm||40 000 ppm||700 ppm|
|Volatile aromatic hydrocarbons (VAHs)||-||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Antimony||-||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Selenium||100 ppm||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Barium||-||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Arsenic||100 ppm||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Chromium VI||100 ppm||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Mercury||100 ppm||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Lead||100 ppm||100 ppm||100 ppm||200 ppm|
|Phthalates||100 ppm||100 ppm||-||-|
|Cadmium||100 ppm||100 ppm||100 ppm||-|
|Halogenated organic solvents||-||-||-||-|
|Formaldehyde||10 ppm||10 ppm||10 ppm||10 ppm|
|Perfluorinated alkyl sulfonates (PFAS)||-||not used/only used in paint that is resistant or repellent to water and have a spreading rate of more than 8 m2/l||-||-|
|Silicon resin emulsion||-||20 000 ppm||-||-|
|Solvents H304 (R65)||-||20 000 ppm||-||-|
|Unreacted monomer||-||500 ppm||100 ppm||500 ppm|
|Respirable Crystalline silica/ quartz||-||-||10 000 ppm||-|
|Binders and crosslinking agents: Adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH)||-||10 000 ppm||-||-|